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Classical Education

At BCCA, we teach our scholars how to think, not what to think, how to learn, not what to learn. This is essential in meeting our mission to equip our scholars with the tools to think critically, reason effectively, and communicate persuasively.

What is Classical Education?

Classical education focuses on three stages of learning, grammar, logic, and rhetoric. In elementary stages, the student masters the arts of learning. The arts of learning enable one to move from subject to subject, text to text, or idea to idea, knowing how to handle the particular subject, text, or idea.

Classical education provides students with a rich knowledge base from which to foster additional learning. Exposure to rich literature, history, and science will provide the building blocks for future learning.

To be educated in any discipline, you must (1) know its basic facts (grammar); (2) be able to reason clearly about it (logic); and (3) communicate its ideas and apply it effectively (rhetoric). Latin instruction provides the foundational knowledge of word structure and grammar that supports literacy acquisition.

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Cohesive Education

Bonnie Cone Classical Academy combines these three stages of learning to teach not only facts and figures, but also the very principles of learning itself. As such, classical education sets students up for success not just in a formal school setting, but in every educational opportunity they will have for the rest of their lives.

Teacher Helping Student


Grammar refers to the basic facts students must know in order to progress in a subject. The grammar stage introduces the brain to learning through observation and memorization. In practice, this looks like:

  • Mastering the rules of phonics and spelling
  • Memorizing basic math facts
  • Hearing foundational stories from literature and history
  • Developing an understanding of life science, physical science, and Earth and space science.
  • Learning how to interact and participate in a learning environment (rules, societal expectations, etc.)



Logic encourages students to think more independently, analyze information critically, and make sense of abstract concepts. Logic advances learning through argument and reason. Instead of taking in information at face value, students in this stage are more likely to ask, "Why?" This stage introduces students to the following concepts:

  • Logical writing based on a thesis statement
  • Literature analysis
  • The scientific method
  • More abstract mathematics, like algebra and geometry

In the logic stage, students are learning to question, test, and make sense of the knowledge they have acquired.

Teacher Helping Student
Teacher Helping Student


Rhetoric is the stage when students can apply what they have learned, instruct and persuade others, and effectively transmit ideas. Rhetoric reinforces learning through communication and application. In the rhetoric stages, students exercise their ability to:

  • Write in a persuasive way
  • Find creative ways to express what they know
  • Apply learning to real-world situations
  • Formulate original arguments that they can also defend

The Rhetoric stage empowers students to use what they have learned to make a difference—for themselves and other people.